The historical evidence mention that Gopalas and Mahishapalas believed to have been the earliest rulers with their capital at Matatirtha which is located in South-west of Kathmandu valley. The Kirantis came in Kathmandu from the 7th or 8th century B.C. From the 7th or 8th Century B.C. the Kirantis are said to have ruled the valley. The King Yalumber is even motioned in the epic ” Mahabharat”. Kirantis were overthrown by Lichhavis in 300 A.D.
The world heritage site of today “Changu Narayan temple” was constructed during the time of Lichhavis. The art and architecture to the Kathmandu valley was brought by Lichhavis. However, the Malla dynasty who came after Lichhavis was regarded as the golden age of creativity. During the time of Malla Dynasty numerous temples and picturesque square were built.
The valley was divided into three kingdoms: Kathmandu (kantipur), Bhaktapur (Bhadgaun) and Patan (Lalitpur). During this time modern Nepal that we know today was divided into about 46 independent principalities. The king of Gorkha named Prithivi Narayan Shan embarked on conquering mission that led the defeat of all states and he moved his capital in Kathmandu and established Shah dynasty from 1769 to 2008. After that, modern Nepal passed to many political transition for a instance Panchyat system. In the year 1990, multi party democracy was established but again in the year 1996 civil war started in the leader ship of Maoist party for the Democratic Republic system as main agenda.
Around 15000 Nepalese were killed during this time. In 2006 Maoist Party came to main political stream. After that slowly Nepal is heading towards the prosperity and economic development but due to the political instability still Nepal is not able to reached, what it should have achieved. However, after peace process many positive development in economy is seen. But unfortunately, the Earthquake and Economic blockade of 2015 came as barrier for the economic development. Apart from that, slowly Nepal is taking the pace of prosperity and tourism is playing vital role for the economic development because significant number of tourists visit Nepal due to its Scenic beauty, landscapes, mountains, culture, wildlife etc.
Quick facts on Nepal
Area: 147, 181 sq.km
Location: Situated between china in the North and India in the south, east and west
Population: 26.49 million
People: Nepal has 125 caste/ethnic groups and 123 spoken languages
Language: Nepali is the national language., travel-trade people understand and speak English as well
Religion: Nepal is a secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindu and Buddhist population
Currency: Nepalese Rupees
Political system: Federal Democratic Republic
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons (1) Winter: December- February (2) Spring: March-May
(3) summer: June- August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Monsoons are from June till mid September. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.