Nepal posses 2.80 percent of plant species that are found globally. According to the record of 2006, Nepal has 6,391 flowering plant species, representing 1,590 genera and 231 families. Nepal’s share of flowering plant species is 2.76 percent of the global total compared to earlier records of 2.36 percent. Nepal’s share of pteriodophytes is 5.15 percent compared to earlier records of 4.45 percent. There are 2,532 species of vascular plants represented by 1,034 genera and 199 families in the protected sites. Some 130 endemic species are found in the protected sites.
Nepal is divided in to four region in terms of ecology and vegetation. namely: western, north-western, central and eastern and bio-climatically these are broken down into twenty regions from humid tropical climate to the arid, alpine regions.
Nepal posses 399 endemic flowering plants of which about 63 percent are from high mountains, 38 percent from the mid hills and only 5 percent of the Terai and Silwaliks. Similarly, the central region contains 66 percent of the total endemic species, westerns region contains 32 percent and eastern region 29 percent.
The Himalayas are famous for medicinal plants which is also mentioned in the Aurveda. In traditional healing systems like Ayurvedic, Homoeopathic, Amchi etc herbs and plants found in the mountains are used. Some of these plants are even used for allopathic medicine. Medicinal plants are abundantly found in: the Terai region of Nawalparasi, Chitwan, Bardia, Dhanusha, mid hill region of Makhwanpur, Syangja, Kaski, Lamgjung, Dolakha, Parvat, Ilam, Ramechhap, Nuwakot, and the Himalayan region of Dolpa, Mugu, Humla, Jumla, Manang, Mustang and Solukhumbu.
For more information about Nepal’s plant resources
Please visit: Ministry of Environment.